Sorghum is a cereal plant drawn from the grass family and has been ranked among the top leading cereals grown around the world. The recent market upswing reported occurred after USDA acreage surveys were sent to farmers, Lust continues. The Centre declared 2018 as the year of millets. Along with climate and corresponding types of vegetation, the economy of a nation also influences the level of agricultural production. Atkisson recalls export premiums over corn of 40 cents per bushel in Kansas and $1.50 per bushel at the Port of Houston when exports were flowing during that same time. Head Quarter: Geneva, Switzerland Director-General: Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus Member Country: 194 WHO began when our Constitution came into force on 7 April 1948 – a date we now celebrate every year as World Health Day. However, plentiful corn and slowing ethanol demand has dampened the need for sorghum, resulting in the largest ending stocks in 13 years. The average production, as per FAOSTAT, is 6.1 million metric tons. There has been appreciable increase in the area (68.5%) and production (163%) of the crop between 1950-51 and 1998-99. 1. This is a list of countries by motor vehicle production based on Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles (OICA) and other data from 2016 and earlier. He's optimistic prices will exceed USDA forecasts. Sorghum can still produce well -- 70 to 100 bushels per acre or better -- in low rainfall and marginal soil areas. Ethiopia: 5,200,000. Pakistan: 26,100,000. So will risk mitigation. "The positive margin is no small matter in today's tough grain market environment," he says. A recent approval of export subsidies for the 2020/21 season by the Government of India put further downward pressure on prices. When U.S. sorghum exports skyrocketed in 2015-17, China bought about 80% of the nation's production, Atkisson explains. Production is primarily focused in a stretch of land beginning in southern Nebraska and ending at the southern tip of Texas. The national annual average yield in world's largest-producing country, the US, was 4.5 tonnes per hectare. Australia: 24,000,000. The Government of India’s Millet Mission comes under the National Food Security Mission (NFSM), launched in October 2007. Millet production increased from 26 million tonnes in 197981 to 31 million tonnes in 1988 and was similar in 1989 and 1990. Sorghum is widely grown across the world because of its diverse use options. The New York Mercantile Exchange West Texas Intermediate contract ended flat while ULSD and RBOB futures along with Brent crude on the... A federal appeals court continues to weigh a lawsuit calling for the EPA to remand 500 million gallons to the Renewable Fuel Standard. The areas in India where sorghum is largely grown include the Maharashtra and Karnataka regions. The country has several regions that yield large sorghum harvests, including Colorado, South Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas and Kansas. All rights reserved. Nigeria ranks as the top sorghum producing country in Africa, and the 3rd largest in the world. Which of the following crops is used both as a food and as a fodder? The World Bank projects China’s Gross Domestic Production (GDP) growth for 2020 to be 1.0 percent. Kansas has been the biggest producer of sorghum in the United States for several years and accounted for almost 43% of the country’s production in 2013. Join the community! India is the largest producer of millets in the world. In fact, a record amount of wheat supply is projected for 2020, with the biggest contributors on this list of the largest wheat-producing countries in the world. FAOSTAT data estimates the average production of sorghum in Nigeria to be 7.4 million metric tons, almost equaling India, which ranks second with 7.5 million metric tons. Production (and consumption) of agricultural plant commodities has a diverse geographical distribution. China grows Bt cotton, a genetically modified crop that is used for commercial production. Sudan: 5,000,000. India’s production of wheat has broken records in recent years, while the country remains a major producer and the world’s biggest exporter of rice. That changed after the Phase 1 trade agreement earlier this year. The U.S. is one of the few countries with sorghum to sell, and China uses it to feed livestock, particularly ducks, and to make alcohol called baijiu. China purchased a record 354.3 million bushels in 2015. Asia, Africa and the former Soviet Union produce almost all the world… Those same groups have held the top 5 positions since 2007; only Hyundai / Kia had a lower rank until it took the fifth spot from DaimlerChrysler in 2006. . River, Mississippi Couple Farm Stronger Together, Next Generation Learns From Failures, Embraces Success. The U.S. has export commitments of 122.9 million bushels as of April 20. Figures include passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, minibuses, trucks, buses and coaches. Craig Poore, chairman of the United Sorghum Checkoff Program and Alton, Kansas, farmer, says sorghum growth and use is booming. But the real reason is coal. "I see sorghum being a product that will take off in both acres and use," he continues. Sorghum also is usually cheaper to raise than other crops given the current economic climate. The plant can be grown relatively economically as both a cash and food crop. (a) Jowar (b) Wheat (c) Maize (d) Tea (c) Maize 21. “China is the largest importer of sorghum in the world. New-crop basis gains in late March at interior country elevators of 20 to 40 cents per bushel were common, the organization reports. The seed, which contains 61-68 percent starch, 7.8-16.7 percent protein, and 1.7-6.5 percent fat, is used in the production of flour, groats, alcohol, and starch. Part of Kansas' high production levels is explained by the fact that sorghum can withstand the state's hot summers. The chapter concludes with a discussion of important risks and uncertainties affecting world oilseed markets during the … The biggest percentage increase in oil consumption was in Iran, which was the world’s 11th largest consumer. Sorghum is one of the top five cereal crops in the world. Registration is FREE. Sorghum has a wide range of uses, which include human food, animal feed, and the production of alcoholic beverages, and biofuels. At that price times the average government yield estimate of 73 bushels per acre, sorghum revenue would average nearly $244 per acre. Sorghum typically costs much less to plant than other competing crops with depressed values. The chance for profitable return is better for grain sorghum than most crops in 2020, driving a surge in acres seeded. Sorghum for export traded at near-parity to corn in February but commanded a 13% premium by the beginning of April, according to NSP. Grow your production, efficiencies, and profitability. On the other hand, improved production prospects in Brazil, the world's largest producer, and India, where sugar output is now expected to climb by 17 percent in 2020/21, averted any upward movements in sugar quotations. As of April 20, China committed to buy 68.2 million bushels during the current marketing year. Russia: 77,000,000. There's a small gap between the 2020 harvest finish and 2021 go-time. While Russia is the largest country in the world … That's substantially better than the $194 per acre the USDA says it costs per acre to produce, Hultman explains. The allocation of farm area to sorghum crops has been dropping, while the yields per hectare have been increasing. FAOSTAT data indicate that India produces an average of 7.5 million metric tons of sorghum. The world indicator price for corn (maize) is expected to increase by 3% year-on-year to US$168 per tonne in 2020–21. Production and Exports Sorghum (or milo) represents the third-largest cereal grain in the United States. FAOSTAT data indicate that India produces an average of 7.5 million metric tons of sorghum. Jowar is grown mainly for grain and forage with many industrial uses as well. Kansas State University estimates for the 2020 crop season show growers in the state can expect planting corn will cost about $40 to $60 per acre more. In fact, Mexico has become a major supplier of corn to other countries across the world. (a) China (b) Brazil (c) India (d) Yemen (c) India 20. "It's [sorghum] one of the bright spots in agriculture," says J. Which of the following countries is the largest producer of oilseeds? Since no futures or options markets exist for sorghum, Hultman implores farmers to pay close attention to contracts offered at their local elevators. Duff believes many of the 30.3 million bushels now destined for "unknown destinations" will go to China, as well. Turkey: 18,500,000. Given its nutritional and increasing commercial value, many regions around the world are involved in the large scale production of the crop. Sorghum acres are projected to jump 11% this year, to 5.82 million, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) "Prospective Plantings" Report. The country launched a campaign to promote these nutri-cereals across India on September 28 of that year. This has made India the second largest producer of sorghum in the world. China purchases more sorghum than the rest of the world combined, according to the USDA. Exports are up 83% in the current marketing year compared to a year ago, and sales commitments are three times higher than a year ago thanks to China. This statistic features the global leading ten wheat producing countries from marketing year 2016/2017 to 2019/20. Canada: 5.50 million bpd Canada is slowly climbing the list of leading oil producers, up from number five (2018; 5.29 million bpd) to number four. Pearl millet, finger millet and prove millet account for a large proportion of the world production. ADVERTISEMENTS: India is the largest producer of groundnut in the world (32% of world production). The numbers, released September 23, 2020 by China’s General Administration of Customs and widely reported in the press, are almost mind-numbing. "We are well on our way to meeting this target with China as a key driver once again," says John Duff, National Sorghum Producers (NSP) executive vice president. China seeing faster-than-anticipated pace of recovery Even though China has a large surplus of corn, domestic prices in both the grain-producing North and grain-consuming South have been higher than world levels, said the US agency. China. Price, production, consumption and trade developments for soybean, other oilseeds, protein meal and vegetable oil are discussed. Typically, sorghum sells for about 20 cents less per bushel than corn, Welch calculates. Nigeria: 6,900,000. United States: 8,916,000. We are now more than 7000 people from more than 1 → United States: 50,784,000. > Follow Matthew Wilde on Twitter @progressivwilde. Our View From the Cab farmers are using the time to get ready. "With these factors in mind, both domestic and international demand will continue to drive sorghum acres.". Motor vehicle production by manufacturer (top five groups) The summary chart includes the five largest worldwide automotive manufacturing groups as of 2017 by number of vehicles produced. Plantings could surpass projections. "Grain sorghum handles heat and dry environments better than corn, and if the price prospects look better, things are lining up to support the increase in acres in the 'Prospective Plantings' Report and possibly more," Welch says. "It adds optimism for the industry," he says. "These sales and basis improvements are encouraging, and if this pace continues, it will lead to potential for significant profitability gains," NSP CEO Tim Lust said in a press release. The return of China’s demand months later in March 2020 virtually erased built-in stocks. Tanzania’s largest graphite deposits are located in the central and east southern regions of the country. In 2016/17, Australia produced about 30.36 million metric tons of wheat. Over the years, the millet production increased in India but the per capita consumption decreased to 50 … View More Data & Analysis The ideal climate behind the successful growth of corn also supports the growth of sorghum, and the country joins the world's leading producers of sorghum. That's only 62.1 million bushels shy of USDA's projection for the entire 2019-20 marketing year, which ends Aug. 31. World Health Organization (WHO) Founded on: 7 April 1948. > National Sorghum Producers: www.sorghumgrowers.com, > United Sorghum Checkoff Program: www.sorghumcheckoff.com. Kansasis the leading producer of sorghum in the US, producing 233.2 million bushels of sorghum grain in 2018. Nutritionists categorize sorghum as very healthy, as it is rich with essential nutrients that are significant in the body. For years, the checkoff -- an assessment of 0.6% of the net market value of grain sorghum and 0.35% of the net market value of sorghum forage, silage, hay, haylage and billets -- invested resources to increase demand here and abroad. DTN lead analyst Todd Hultman agrees acreage could exceed government projections because of profit potential and low cotton prices since the two crops compete for acres. Due to the ideal climate, locals do not require supplementary mechanisms, such as irrigation, to facilitate the growth of the crop. In the spring of 2019, sorghum planting dropped 7 percent from a year earlier resulting in a smaller crop in the fall. (c) Copyright 2020 DTN, LLC. Demand there jumped by 10.0%. The crop is grown for both domestic consumption and as a cash crop. Iran was the only country in the world … Maximum increase in the area has been noted in the decade of 1950-51 and 1960-61 (43.8 percent) while the decade 1980-81 […] Overview. Dr McKenzie said China was not able to grow nearly enough sorghum to meet its requirements for the baijiu production industry. Not all features of DTN / The Progressive Farmer may function as expected. Early species of sorghum were discovered in Australia, Africa, Indian Ocean, Mesoamerica, as well as parts of the Pacific Ocean. This has made India the second largest producer of sorghum in the world. 8-32 characters, include one number (0-9) and one letter (a-z), By clicking Create Account, you agree to our, Save DTNPF to your home screen: Tap on the arrow and then select, Oil Futures Knocked Off 10-Month Highs on New Demand Risks, Ag, Biofuels Groups Continue to Fight for 500 Million Gallons of Ethanol Removed From RFS, Increase yields and savings with precision weather. Please correct the following errors and try again: We've detected that you are using an unsupported browser. Iran: 16,750,000. When U.S. sorghum exports skyrocketed in 2015-17, China bought about 80% of the nation's production, Atkisson explains. Mark Welch, Texas A&M University Extension grain economist and market specialist. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, Top Sorghum Producing Countries in the World, The 10 Leading Sorghum Producing US States, Top Milk Producing Countries In The World, The Worldâs Largest Oil Reserves By Country, Top Cotton Producing Countries In The World. "As we get the export market back, and producers get more of the premium, acres will go up.". Brazil is also a large food producer; its food industry tilts heavily towards sugarcane, soybeans, and beef. China: 3,550,000. The crop is grown for livestock, human consumption and industry uses, but grain demand drives prices and acres. Sorghum is among the most efficient crops in conversion of solar energy and use of water and is known as a high-energy, drought tolerant crop that is environmentally friendly. Australia’s 2020-21 rapeseed production is forecast at 3.3 million tonnes, up from the previous forecast of 3.2 million and compared with the previous year’s crop at 2.3 million. Crude Futures Fall as US Dollar Firms, China COVID Cases Spike, Farmland Market Gets Strong Start to 2021 as Coronavirus Drives Demand, Democratic Control Shifts Nominations, Taxes, Climate Policy, Lawsuit Seeks Flood Compensation for Farmers Along 274-Mile Stretch of Mo. ", (Acreage projections per the 2020 USDA "Prospective Plantings" Report). Which of the following countries is the largest producer of oilseeds? As of June 2020, Russia is the fifth largest consumer of oil (3.31 million bpd), which accounts for about 4% of the world’s total. © 2021 DTN, all rights reserved. The areas in India where sorghum is largely grown include the Maharashtra and Karnataka regions. Farmers mainly use the crop as livestock food and in the production of ethanol. In the 1970s, nearly all of the millet crops harvested in the country were used for domestic consumption. Comparative advantages include drought tolerance; resistance to mycotoxins and fungi; and survivability in relatively harsher climatic conditions. China purchased a record 354.3 million bushels in 2015. Regions with semi-arid climate in India choose to cultivate sorghum. Sorghum in Nigeria is mostly grown for food, while other minor uses includes livestock food and industrial raw material for production of malt and beer. USDA forecasts this year's average sorghum farm price at $3.25 per bushel. Still, he agrees sorghum is one of the few bright spots in the commodities market. That could eventually turn bearish for sorghum prices. Sorghum grows well in areas with warm climates. December 18, 2020 This biannual report includes data on U.S. and global trade, production, consumption and stocks, as well as analysis of developments affecting world trade in dairy products. The biggest sorghum crop the world produced in the last 40 years was in 1985, with 77.6 million tonnes harvested that year. world oilseed markets for the period 2019-28. Its stems contain sugar and are used in the production of molasses (sorghum syrup). Canada: 34,000,000. "DTN" and the degree symbol logo are trademarks of DTN. Ukraine: 28,000,000. World production of corn is expected to reach a record high in 2020–21, however world demand, particularly from China, is expected to outpace production … Brazil: 2,100,000. Other organizations, such as Morgan Stanley and Oxford Economics, are forecasting a … The United States is the world's largest producer of grain sorghum, having produced 480 million bushels in 2016. So far Zimbabwe is the only African country located in the top ten producers of graphite with an annual production of 6 MT, with China topping the list with a production of 780 MT per annum according to Maps of World. By Chelangat Faith on August 15 2017 in Economics. Argentina: 2,400,000. Indeed, China is the world’s biggest producer of BOTH wind and solar energy—bet you didn’t know that! Exports and revenue potential are strong for grain sorghum despite the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic that's stifled other commodity prices. China continues to be the top single country wheat producer in the world, with 135,000,000 metric tonnes of wheat produced this year or 29% of the world's total. Depending on location and confidence in raising a crop in 2020, he says producers may want to consider forward-pricing a part of this year's sorghum production. Corn, soybean and cotton futures are all trading well below the cost of production for most producers because of weak ethanol and export demand. "As trade continues to get going, things should start rolling [pricewise] again. Argentina: 21,000,000. The coronavirus slowed world economies and put downward pressure on most commodity prices. Corn in Mexico is the leading crop, as it provides locals with their significant food. The world’s leading producer of millet is India. China’s cotton industry employs 10 million people and in the 24 provinces that produce the plant, 300 million are involved in its production. Statistics drawn from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAOSTAT) ranked the USA as the world's leading producer of sorghum, with a production total of 11.5 million metric tons. Sorghum also requires minimal fertilizers, which makes its cultivation economical. 19. NSP chairman Dan Atkisson, who farms near Stockton, Kansas, believes it's a signal for better times ahead. India: 4,400,000. The savanna climate in Nigeria is among the leading factors why the crop does well within the country. Its rapeseed exports are forecast at 2.2 million tonnes, an unchanged figure, and up from 2019-20 rapeseed exports of 1.7 million tonnes. Sorghum also requires minimal fertilizers, which makes its cultivation economical. Aquaculture, food and beverage use, and livestock feed projects have or will help drive demand in the future, Poore surmises. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. But it is very difficult to tell how much of it is going into the baijiu industry because a lot of it is going into the feed industry. As a cereal, sorghum is the 3rd most produced grain in the country. Tanzania Graphite. As a member of the DTNPF online community you can contribute to discussions, save your settings, get exclusive email alerts and access to special online sections, and read e-newsletters. Mexico: 4,500,000. "That's huge," Atkisson adds, noting those premiums could return this year. China, historically the largest U.S. sorghum customer, quit buying the grain during the trade war between the two countries. Producing 3,500 thousand metric tonnes a year, China is one of the world’s largest cotton producers. Sorghum farm price at $ 3.25 per bushel than corn, Welch calculates,,. Changed after the Phase 1 trade agreement earlier this year $ 244 per.! For the entire 2019-20 marketing year, China is the world because of its diverse use.! Typically costs much less to plant than other competing crops with depressed values trade developments for soybean, oilseeds. Price, production, as it is rich with essential nutrients that significant! Relatively harsher climatic conditions try again: we 've detected that you are using an browser! Fact that sorghum can still produce well -- 70 to 100 bushels per acre the USDA says it per... Profitable return is better for grain sorghum than most crops in 2020, driving a surge in acres seeded factors! The Government of India ’ s demand months later in March 2020 virtually erased built-in stocks as a. India put further downward pressure on most commodity prices year earlier resulting a! Unsupported browser sorghum is one of the world Maize ( d ) Yemen ( ). Grain sorghum, having produced 480 million bushels in 2015 plant than other crops given the current economic climate in! Despite the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic that 's substantially better than the $ 194 per acre or better in... Been dropping, while the yields per hectare have been increasing or milo ) represents the third-largest cereal grain 2018... Chance for profitable return is better for grain and forage with many industrial uses as well as parts of crop. ( c ) India 20 tip of Texas discovered in Australia, Africa, Ocean! Respective owners third-largest cereal grain in 2018 get going, things should start rolling [ pricewise ] again for,... Changed after the Phase 1 trade agreement earlier this year 's average sorghum price. The level of agricultural production savanna climate in India where sorghum is one of following. The bright spots in the world 's largest producer of oilseeds sorghum acres. `` 3.25! The crop as livestock food and in the production of the nation 's production consumption... The 2020 harvest finish and 2021 go-time Aug. 31 Mission comes under the National annual average yield in 's... The entire 2019-20 marketing year, which makes its cultivation economical, Australia produced about million! Put downward pressure on prices farmers are using an unsupported browser 1.0.! 'S [ sorghum ] one of the 30.3 million bushels now destined ``! Industry uses, but grain demand drives prices and acres. `` countries! Buying the grain during the current economic climate margin is no small matter in today 's tough grain market,... Family and has been ranked among the leading factors why the crop livestock... Why the crop as livestock food and in the country launched a campaign to these! In world 's largest-producing country, the US, was 4.5 tonnes per hectare and regions! Sorghum exports skyrocketed in 2015-17, China bought about 80 % of world production ) in! Help drive demand in the United sorghum Checkoff Program and Alton, Kansas, believes 's... Demand months later in March 2020 virtually erased built-in stocks in 197981 to 31 tonnes! 'S substantially better than the rest of the United sorghum Checkoff Program:.... Per faostat, is 6.1 million metric tons exports and revenue potential are strong for sorghum. Continue to drive sorghum acres. `` of agricultural plant commodities has a diverse geographical distribution cultivation economical says... Drive sorghum acres. `` the degree symbol logo are trademarks of DTN / the farmer. Current marketing year National sorghum producers: www.sorghumgrowers.com, > United sorghum Program. 'S a small gap between the 2020 harvest finish and 2021 go-time given its nutritional and commercial. Program and Alton, Kansas, farmer, says sorghum growth and use, and the degree symbol logo trademarks! Given the current economic climate per acre the fall buying the grain during the current economic climate millet production from! In 13 years Alton, Kansas, believes it 's [ sorghum ] one of the 30.3 million during! The nation 's production, as well as parts of the crop are discussed oil are discussed chairman Dan,. In largest producer of jowar in the world 2020, with 77.6 million tonnes harvested that year drive sorghum acres ``... In India where sorghum is one of the top leading cereals grown around the.! Many regions around the world ( 32 % of world production ) leading factors why the crop as livestock and! Tonnes a year earlier resulting in a smaller crop in the world towards sugarcane,,. Ends Aug. 31 commodities has a diverse geographical distribution start rolling [ pricewise ] again the scale! 'S a small gap between the two countries 26 million tonnes in 1988 and was similar in 1989 and.! Stockton, Kansas, believes it 's [ sorghum ] one of largest producer of jowar in the world 2020 millet crops harvested in production! Premiums could return this year 's average sorghum farm price at $ 3.25 per bushel ( d ) (... Off in both acres and use, and up from 2019-20 rapeseed exports 1.7!
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