He was in love with Constanze and the marriage was being strongly encouraged by her mother, so in some sense, he felt committed. From 1782 to 1785, Mozart divided his time between self-produced concerts as soloist, presenting three to four new piano concertos in each season. He was treated as a mere servant, quartered with the help, and forbidden from performing before the Emperor for a fee equal to half his yearly salary in Salzburg. These last three symphonies, all completed in the summer of 1788, are not only his most famous symphonies but some of… Leopold was a devoted and task-oriented teacher to both his children. Mozart composed his first piece of music in 1761, at age five; by age six, he had performed before two imperial courts. Antonio Vivaldi was a 17th and 18th century composer who’s become one of the most renowned figures in European classical music. His harmonic range is narrow compared with Haydn’s, but within his range he constantly transformed thematic material. 1 in E flat major, K. 16, was written in 1764 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart at the age of just eight years. In December 1769, Mozart, then age 13, and his father departed from Salzburg for Italy, leaving his mother and sister at home. And which one is best? Photo: Universal History Archive/Getty Images. The gesture was as much an honor bestowed on Mozart as it was an incentive to keep the esteemed composer from leaving Vienna for greener pastures. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. His only sister was Maria Anna (nicknamed “Nannerl”). It seems that by this time Nannerl’s professional music career was over. During this time Mozart also wrote a new opera, Mitridate, re di Ponto for the court of Milan. Mozart wrote this opera at the age of 11. Ludwig van Beethoven was a German composer whose Symphony 5 is a beloved classic. She was able to obtain a pension from the emperor and organized several profitable memorial concerts in Mozart’s honor. The Princeton Symphony Orchestra will post a recorded performance of “Mozart & Saint-Georges” 4 p.m. Sunday, Jan. 10. The concerts were very well attended as Mozart enjoyed a unique connection with his audiences who were, in the words of Mozart biographer Maynard Solomon, “given the opportunity of witnessing the transformation and perfection of a major musical genre.” During this time, Mozart also began to keep a catalog of his own music, perhaps indicating an awareness of his place in musical history. 40 in G minor, KV. He began to run out of funds and had to pawn several valuable personal items to pay traveling and living expenses. Theater space for rent in Vienna was sometimes hard to come by, so Mozart booked himself in unconventional venues such as large rooms in apartment buildings and ballrooms of expensive restaurants. The Italian outing was longer than the others (1769-1771) as Leopold wanted to display his son’s abilities as a performer and composer to as many new audiences as possible. He would soon go on to play the piano, organ and viola. 41 in C Major, or the Jupiter Symphony. The year 1784, proved the most prolific in Mozart’s performance life. Both compositions feature the wicked nobleman, though Figaro is presented more in comedy and portrays strong social tension. Archbishop von Colloredo was becoming impatient with the young genius’s complaining and immature attitude. Mozart was able to revive much of his public notoriety with repeated performances of his works. During one five-week period, he appeared in 22 concerts, including five he produced and performed as the soloist. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He also wrote a well-known book called, A Treatise on the Fundamental Principles of Violin Playing.Mozart's older sister also played the keyboard, and together, they would travel the country to perform. In September 1791, he was in Prague for the premiere of the opera La Clemenza di Tito, which he was commissioned to produce for the coronation of Leopold II as King of Bohemia. Of his 50-odd symphonies, produced between 1764 and 1788, the earliest ones are conventional but precocious, reflecting influences of Johann Christian Bach, … Mozart was well regarded in the Freemason community, attending meetings and being involved in various functions. Between 1782 and 1785 Mozart wrote six quartets dedicated to Haydn. In 1762, Mozart’s father took Nannerl, now age eleven, and Wolfgang, age six to the court of Bavaria in Munich in what was to become the first of several European "tours." This is evident in the agitated Symphony in G Minor, K 183 (1773)—a Sturm und Drang work and his first minor-key symphony—and in the cheerful Symphony in A Major, K 201 (1774). Fortunately, both children excelled well in these areas. Mozart - Symphony No. Some of his greatest works were composed while Beethoven was going deaf. 29 paints a sophisticated symphonic drama. The Symphony No. In 1768, at the age of twelve, Mozart composed a one-act singspiel, Bastien und Bastienne, the overture of which uses as its main theme the primary melody of the first movement of Beethoven’s “Eroica” Symphony. Mozart began to borrow money from friends, though he was almost always able to promptly repay when a commission or concert came his way. The last three symphonies (K 543, in E-flat major; K 550, in G minor; K 551, in C major [Jupiter]), summits of the Classical genre, are bold in their harmonies and counterpoint; the serious minuet of K 550 foreshadows the scherzo of Beethoven’s Fifth. An invigorating first movement predominates, followed by a light cantabile movement and a fast finale or minuet (minuets in his symphonies date mostly after 1767). Johannes Brahms was a German composer and pianist who wrote symphonies, concerti, chamber music, piano works and choral compositions. 13 in F major, K.112 Hasse Aria, “Non esser troppo altero” from Il Ruggiero Mozart Aria, “L’ombra de’ rami tuoi” from Ascanio in Alba, K.111 Mozart Symphony No. During this time, young Mozart had the opportunity to work in several different musical genres composing symphonies, string quartets, sonatas and serenades and a few operas. Mozart rejected Mannheim gesture in favour of better-integrated dynamics. In the summer of 1781, it was rumored that Mozart was contemplating marriage to Fridolin Weber’s daughter, Constanze. In 1784, Mozart became a Freemason, a fraternal order focused on charitable work, moral uprightness, and the development of fraternal friendship. But by December, he was asking for his father’s blessings. He made the lessons fun, but also insisted on a strong work ethic and perfection. By mid-1788, Mozart moved his family from central Vienna to the suburb of Alsergrund, for what would seem to be a way of reducing living costs. The opera Die Entführung enjoyed immediate and continuing success and bolstered Mozart’s name and talent throughout Europe. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on 27 January 1756 to Leopold Mozart (1719–1787) and Anna Maria, née Pertl (1720–1778), at Getreidegasse 9 in Salzburg. 35 in d major k. 385 'haffner' Cbs - UK - SBRG 72005 - 1961 His work influenced many composers that followed -- most notably Beethoven. 12 in G, K.110/75b Mozart Concert aria, “Non curo l’affetto”, K.74b Paisiello “Onde amiche… Smarrita, tremante” from Annibale in Torino Mozart Symphony No. Mozart’s last 10 years saw him further exposed to Haydn’s influence and very aware of J.S. 40, the whole orchestra loudly interrupts the gently curving first theme played by the violins, just … He later combined these skills by improvising many of the cadenzas in his piano concertos when he performed them. It was a part-time appointment with low pay, but it required Mozart only to compose dances for the annual balls. Austrian composer Johann Strauss surpassed his father, Johann Strauss the Elder's popularity and productivity, becoming known as the "Waltz King.". In 1776, he turned his efforts toward piano concertos, culminating in the Piano Concerto Number 9 in E flat major in early 1777. Wolfgang soon showed signs of excelling beyond his father’s teachings with an early composition at age five and demonstrating outstanding ability on harpsichord and the violin. This month’s retrospective concert of music from 1766 is framed by two symphonies by the 10-year-old Mozart. Voice 1 . If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! The trips were long and often arduous, traveling in primitive conditions and waiting for invitations and reimbursements from the nobility. Constanze and Mozart had six children, though only two survived infancy, Karl Thomas and Franz Xaver. MIDLAND The Midland-Odessa Symphony and Chorale will return to the Wagner Noël Performing Arts Center in 2021 with their masterwork series with “Mostly Mozart… Written at the age of 18-years-old, it is overflowing with a sense of self-confidence that confirms the composer’s creative genius. His music presented a bold expression, oftentimes complex and dissonant, and required high technical mastery from the musicians who performed it. At the time of his death, Mozart was considered one of the greatest composers of all time. Though both composers were often in contention for the same job and public attention, there is little evidence that their relationship was anything beyond a typical professional rivalry. But the stay promoted Mozart to begin writing a mass in C Minor, of which only the first two sections, "Kyrie" and "Gloria," were completed. These include some of the best-known works of the symphonic repertoire, such as Haydn's 'Farewell' Symphony and Mozart's Symphony No. However, during this time both Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s mental and physical health was deteriorating. The various movements balance one another so well that those who are accustomed to hearing them would find it difficult to accept the substitution of other movements. In a typical concert, he would play a selection of existing and improvisational pieces and his various piano concertos. Mozart associated himself with aristocratic Europeans and felt he should live like one. Tuileries Palace in Paris where Mozart’s 31st Symphony was performed in 1778. Operas are complex pieces of music. 14 in A major, K.114 (The scherzo is a rapid, rhythmic, minuet-derived form.). A prolific artist, Austrian composer Wolfgang Mozart created a string of operas, concertos, symphonies and sonatas that profoundly shaped classical music. Mozart died on December 5, 1791, at age 35. Development sections expand with the introduction of new thematic material and modulations over a wider tonal field. He figured that the best way to attain a more stable and lucrative income would be through court appointment. Leopold started Nannerl on keyboard when she was seven, as three-year old Wolfgang looked on. The Archbishop’s cool reception toward Mozart offended him. Mozart had just turned 21. Soon, he too was being tutored by his father. Mozart Music CDs, Mozart Album Music CDs, Mozart 1995 Music CDs, Hyperion Mozart Music CDs, Mozart New Age & Easy Listening Music CDs, Symphony Music CDs, Philips Mozart Music CDs, Mozart Box Set Music CDs, Mozart Dance & Electronica Music CDs, Mozart Limited Edition Music CDs Central Europe in the mid-18th century was going through a period of transition. It received a successful premiere in Vienna in 1786 and was even more warmly received in Prague later that year. The cause of death is uncertain, due to the limits of postmortem diagnosis. He developed a passion for violin concertos producing what came to be the only five he wrote. The opera tells an old Greek myth. The manuscript was found 40 years ago in a cellar in Odense, Denmark, but not until recently was … Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart raised the symphony to heights that in many respects remain unsurpassed. He preferred to ignore monothematic structure; and his first and second themes, neither folklike nor mosaic-like, contrast strongly. With the substantial returns from concerts and publishing, he and Constanze enjoyed a lavish lifestyle. His father’s benefactor, Archbishop von Schrattenbach had died and was succeeded by Hieronymus von Colleredo. Constanze and her sister Sophie came to his side to help nurse him back to health, but Mozart was mentally preoccupied with finishing Requiem, and their efforts were in vain. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a musician capable of playing multiple instruments who started playing in public at the age of 6. Mozart also wrote 34 symphonies, 16 quartets, 5 operas, and 100 other pieces by the time he was 18. Historians believe he may have had some form of bipolar disorder, which might explain the periods of hysteria coupled with spells of hectic creativity. The modest income was a welcome windfall for Mozart, who was struggling with debt, and provided him the freedom to explore more of his personal musical ambitions. In 1778, at the age of 22, Mozart traveled to Paris with his ill mother in hopes of landing a job at the court of Versailles. They tell a story through instrumental music and singing. But in reality, his family expenses remained high and the new dwelling only provided more room. Over the course of his 106 symphonies, Austrian composer Franz Joseph Haydn became the principal architect of the classical style of music. Mozart wrote it … Decades after Mozart’s death, rumors spread that Salieri had poisoned him. His financial situation began to improve as wealthy patrons in Hungary and Amsterdam pledged annuities in return for occasional compositions. In the meantime, Leopold did finally consent to the marriage. Leopold was a successful composer, violinist, and assistant concert master at the Salzburg court. 40 … While in Rome, Mozart heard Gregorio Allegri’s Miserere performed once in the Sistine Chapel. Mozart’s exposure to Europe’s main musical currents led him to synthesize the playful Italian homophonic and operatic style with serious German polyphony. Knowing his father would disapprove of the marriage and the interruption in his career, young Mozart quickly wrote his father denying any idea of marriage. Mozart, unlike Haydn, was not a formal experimenter; he reused successful structural formulations in later works. After hearing the news of his wife’s death, Leopold negotiated a better post for his son as court organist in Salzburg and Wolfgang returned soon after. This triumph led to a second collaboration with Da Ponte on the opera Don Giovanni which premiered in 1787 to high acclaim in Prague. However, this wouldn’t be easy with the court’s musical preference bent toward Italian composers and the influence of Kapellmeister Antonio Salieri. From this turn of fortune, he was able to pay off many of his debts. During the 17th century... Excerpt from the third movement, “Presto,” of Mozart's, Excerpt from the first movement, “Allegro vivace,” of Mozart's. The remnants of the Holy Roman Empire had divided into small semi-self-governing principalities. His father was a talented violinist and composer who regularly performed in churches and noble courts. Schubert's music is notable for its melody and harmony. 5 in B flat, K. 22 [complete] - YouTube 29 in A major. The siblings traveled to the courts of Paris, London, The Hague, and Zurich performing as child prodigies. The lowest point of the trip was when his mother fell ill and died on July 3, 1778. In this mature period, Mozart’s symphonies became unified thematically and expressively, using fuller imitation, more singing figuration, and freer instrumentation (the Symphony in D Major, K 297 [Paris], introduces clarinets). He was performing less and his income shrank. Toward the end of the 1780s, Mozart’s fortunes began to grow worse. Salzburg was the capital of the Archbishopric of Salzburg, an ecclesiastic principality in the Holy Roman Empire (today in Austria). He also composed another opera for Munich, Idomeneo in 1781. Gounod’s sparkling Petite symphonie follows the plan of a Haydn-style classical symphony. Freemasonry also became a strong influence in Mozart’s music. Mozart began composing music at age 6, and could improvise (make up music on the fly) on any tune by age 7. His works remained secure and popular throughout the 19th century, as biographies about him were written and his music enjoyed constant performances and renditions by other musicians. While it’s known that Leopold disapproved, what is not known is the discussion between father and son as Leopold’s letters were said to be destroyed by Constanze. This rumor was made famous in 20th-century playwright Peter Shaffer’s Amadeus and in the 1984 film of the same name by director Milos Foreman. Some of his most admired works -- the opera The Magic Flute, the final piano concerto in B-flat, the Clarinet Concerto in A major, and the unfinished Requiem to name a few -- were written during this time. However, later correspondence from Mozart indicated that he and his father disagreed considerably on this matter. Austrian composer and conductor Gustav Mahler became popular in the late 19th century for his emotionally charged and subtly orchestrated symphonies. Erwin Schrödinger was a Nobel Prize-winning Austrian physicist whose groundbreaking wave equation changed the face of quantum theory. Mozart’s little opera was unpublished at the time that Beethoven composed his revolutionary symphony in 1803. Mozart’s delightful flute and string quartet has been called the perfect image of the spirit and feeling of the rococo age. When Haydn visited Vienna, they sometimes performed impromptu concerts with string quartets. He was the youngest of seven children, five of whom died in infancy. Despite his success with the compositions, Mozart was growing discontent with his position as assistant concert master and the confining environment of Salzburg. Mozart’s and Haydn’s mature symphonies are comprehensive in mood and design. Recognizing their special talents, Leopold devoted much of his time to their education in music as well as other subjects. In particular, his operas display an uncanny psychological insight, unique to music at the time, and continue to exert a particular fascination for musicians and music lovers today. Born on January 27, 1756, in Salzburg, Austria, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s was the sole-surviving son of Leopold and Maria Pertl Mozart. Mozart quickly found work in Vienna, taking on pupils, writing music for publication, and playing in several concerts. Mozart was about 9 years old when he wrote it. But in truth, there is no basis for this speculation. PROGRAMME: Mozart Symphony No. The result was competing rivalries between these municipalities for identity and recognition. 41 in c major k. 551, 'jupiter' / symphony no. However, his memorial services and concerts in Vienna and Prague were well attended. In March of that year, Mozart was summoned to Vienna by Archbishop von Colloredo, who was attending the accession of Joseph II to the Austrian throne. In late eighteenth-century Vienna and the surrounding Habsburg territories, over 50 minor-key symphonies by at least 11 composers were written. In 1763 Mozart and his sister, Maria Anna (”Nannerl”), went on tour. Other times he would conduct performances of his symphonies. He wrote out the entire score from memory, returning only to correct a few minor errors. The theme of youth continues with Mozart’s Symphony No. In these works the balance of interest shifts to the last movement. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Among his most famous works are Eine kleine Nachtmusik (“A Little Night Music,” 1787) and the operas Don Giovanni … Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote his Symphony No. Franz Schubert is considered the last of the classical composers and one of the first romantic ones. Yet his meteoric rise to fame and accomplishment at a very early age is reminiscent of more contemporary musical artists whose star had burned out way too soon. Bach’s music. It also features a dynamic symphony in G minor by … Upon their return, the new archbishop appointed young Mozart as assistant concertmaster with a small salary. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart raised the symphony to heights that in many respects remain unsurpassed. Particularity important was his meeting with Johann Christian Bach (Johann Sebastian Bach's youngest son) in London who had a strong influence on Mozart. Since then, many hypotheses have circulated regarding Mozart's death. He died on 5 December 1791, while working on his famous Requiem, at the age of 35. A quarrel ensued and Mozart offered to resign his post. By the mid-1780s, Wolfgang and Constanze Mozart’s extravagant lifestyle was beginning to take its toll. Despite his success as a pianist and composer, Mozart was falling into serious financial difficulties. Over the years, Mozart aligned himself with a variety of European venues and patrons, composing hundreds of works that included sonatas, symphonies, masses, chamber music, concertos and operas, marked by vivid emotion and sophisticated textures. Ravel’s lush string quartet is a glowing specimen of musical color and light. The most important and influential manifestation of the sonata form was that played by an orchestra—the symphony. On the 250th anniversary of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's birth, we look at his final symphony: No. It was reported that his funeral drew few mourners and he was buried in a common grave. mozart/ b. walter, columbia symphony orchestra symphony no. This is the first opera Mozart wrote. The cause of death is uncertain, due to the limits of postmortem diagnosis. She was nearing marriageable age and according to the custom of the time, she was no longer permitted to show her artistic talent in public. Explore our selection of ten of the best Mozart works including a range of opera, symphony… Mozart met a number of accomplished musicians and became familiar with their works. PHILADELPHIA — For more than two centuries, the music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart has endured — as has the speculation about what led to his sudden death at age … But where do you start? Toward the end of 1785, Mozart met the librettist Lorenzo Da Ponte, a Venetian composer and poet and together they collaborated on the opera The Marriage of Figaro. After his death, Constanze sold many of his unpublished manuscripts to undoubtedly pay off the family’s large debts. The music of the Renaissance and Baroque periods was transitioning toward more full-bodied compositions with complex instrumentation. Years earlier, as a child harpsichord prodigy, he had created a sensation in the French capital. Mozart decided to settle in Vienna as a freelance performer and composer and for a time lived with friends at the home of Fridolin Weber. The Archbishop refused at first, but then relented with an abrupt dismissal and physical removal from the Archbishop’s presence. Both actions were the Viennese custom at the time, for only aristocrats and nobility enjoyed public mourning and were allowed to be buried in marked graves. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Among his most famous works are Eine kleine Nachtmusik (A Little Night Music, 1787)and the operas Don Giovanni (1787) and Die Zauberflote (The Magic Flute, 1791). The Symphony No. In contrast with those of Haydn, Mozart’s slow movements lean toward the sonata form with their inherent drama. Mozart and Haydn became fast friends in Vienna in the 1780s. Between 1790 and 1791, now in his mid-thirties, Mozart went through a period of great music productivity and personal healing. Officially, the record lists the cause as severe miliary fever, referring to a skin rash that looks like millet seeds. This tendency toward intimate relation among the standard four movements reflects the urge of these composers to seek unity on the highest hierarchic level—a trend foreign to most of their lesser contemporaries but a basic factor in the symphony’s evolution throughout the next two centuries. The Symphony in C Major, K 425, has a rare, slow chromatic introduction, while Symphony in D Major, K 504 (Prague), dispenses with the minuet, has all three movements in sonata form, and uses canonic development (development by means of exact imitation). pitch!). https://www.biography.com/musician/wolfgang-mozart. In 1783, Mozart and Constanze traveled to Salzburg to visit his father and sister. 1 in E♭ major, K. 16, was written in 1764 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart at the age of eight years. He was ambitious and believed he could do more somewhere else. The monumental last six symphonies reflect his experience as an opera and chamber music composer. Letters written between Mozart and his father, Leopold, indicate that the two felt a rivalry for and mistrust of the Italian musicians in general and Salieri in particular. Some have attributed it to rheumatic fever, a disease he suffered from repeatedly throughout his life. The small city-state of Salzburg would be the birthplace of one of the most talented and prodigious musical composers of all time. Mozart’s death came at a young age, even for the time period. 550, in 1788. This program features Mozart’s first symphony, which he wrote at age eight and Haydn’s final symphony, written when Haydn was 63. ... the Symphony no 40. From these efforts, Constanze was able to gain some financial security for herself and allowing her to send her children to private schools. Along with his friend Joseph Haydn, Mozart conceived and perfected the grand forms of symphony, opera, string ensemble, and concerto that marked the classical period. Frequently, Mozart and other members of his family fell seriously ill and had to limit their performance schedule. For three years the siblings toured western Europe, performing in major cities such as Munich , Augsburg , Paris , and London . With their father’s encouragement and guidance, they both were introduced to music at an early age. Mozart wrote his first symphony when he was just eight years old, and clocked up 40 more in just over two decades. Back in Salzburg in 1779, Mozart produced a series of church works, including the Coronation Mass. Mozart’s relationship with Salieri has been the subject of speculation and legend. From pastoral scenes to the mystery of nocturnal landscapes, Symphony No. During this time he wrote his last three symphonies and the last of the three Da Ponte operas, Cosi Fan Tutte, which premiered in 1790. Of his 50-odd symphonies, produced between 1764 and 1788, the earliest ones are conventional but precocious, reflecting influences of Johann Christian Bach, Giovanni Battista Sammartini, and Joseph Haydn. There were several employment positions that initially proved promising, but all eventually fell through. Mozart recovered briefly to conduct the Prague premiere of The Magic Flute, but fell deeper into illness in November and was confined to bed. The visit was somewhat cool, as Leopold was still a reluctant father-in-law and Nannerl was a dutiful daughter. Iván Fischer and the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment’s rethinking of Mozart’s final three symphonies came at the expense of tension and overall coherence. Nineteenth century Austrian painter Gustav Klimt is known for the highly decorative style of his works, his most famous being The Kiss and the Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer. The addition of codas, which extend the closing sections and reaffirm the tonic, the increased length and scope of slow movements and minuets, and a growing orchestral sensitivity all point toward maturity. He also began writing an opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail (The Abduction from the Seraglio). This is a list of symphonies by the classical composer Wolfgang Amadeus … Both admired each other’s work and at one point even collaborated on a cantata for voice and piano called Per la recuperate salute di Ophelia. Noted for their musical complexity, the two operas are among Mozart’s most important works and are mainstays in operatic repertoire today. Mimicking her playing, Wolfgang quickly began to show a strong understanding of chords, tonality, and tempo. It is called Apollo et Hyacinthus. At the age of five, he wrote a miniature andante and allegro (K. 1a and 1b). Whether Leopold agreed that his son’s talent was too big for Salzburg or not, … The Symphony in B-flat Major, K 22 (1765; “K” or “Köchel” numbers—named for Ludwig, Ritter (knight) von Köchel, the scholar who catalogued Mozart’s musical corpus—are the standard way of identifying Mozart’s works) contains a lovely chromatic slow movement in the key of G minor. In December 1787, Emperor Joseph II appointed Mozart as his "chamber composer," a post that had opened up with the death of Gluck. As 1782 turned to 1783, Mozart became enthralled with the work of Bach and George Frederic Handel and this, in turn, resulted in several compositions in the Baroque style and influenced much of his later compositions, such as passages in Die Zauberflote (The Magic Flute) and the finale of Symphony Number 41. In 1762, Leopold took the young Mozart and Maria Anna on tour throughout Vienna performing for nobles and ambassadors. 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